Every year, 2 million cases of death from liver diseases are registered worldwide (Asrani et al., 2019). The liver, one of the most important organs, helps detoxify the body from harmful components. Any damage to the liver can severely disturb the normal functioning of the body.
Liver diseases comprise a myriad of conditions ranging from infections to cirrhosis to cancer. This article will focus on the most common liver diseases affecting males.
*NOTE: You can find a summary chart at the end of this article comparing the different liver conditions
There are several causes of liver disease:
The signs and symptoms of liver disease can vary according to the specific condition. However, liver diseases can also present with some common features as listed below:
Jaundice involves the yellowing of the skin and sclera.
Most patients complain of pain on palpation of the right upper quadrant of the abdomen.
A palpable lump over the right upper quadrant can signify the presence of a tumour.
Depending on your clinical picture, your healthcare professional will want to order certain tests to diagnose your illness. The most routinely used tests for liver disease are listed below:
The treatment of liver disease varies according to the patient’s clinical picture, risk factors, family history, age, and many other factors.
You can make lifestyle changes to lower your risk. Here are some recommended strategies to protect yourself and others:
Limiting your alcohol intake will help your liver drastically.
*Conversion: 1 Unit of Alcohol = 10 ml of pure alcohol
You can avoid being infected by the hepatitis virus by avoiding risky behaviors such as sharing of needles and having unprotected sexual intercourse.
Only take medications as recommended by your healthcare professional. Avoid the following medications if you have any of the symptoms mentioned above. These medications have been found to precipitate hepatitis (David et al., 2010).
BMI stands for Body Mass Index. It is calculated as follows:
The ideal BMI recommended for an adult male is 18.5-24.9 Kg/m2
To protect yourself from the deadly hepatitis viruses, wear protective equipment when in contact with infected people.