Of all diseases ever known to mankind, cardiovascular disease has been recognized as the biggest killer of all time. With 15.2 million deaths attributed to heart diseases in 2016, we realized that it was high time to review and reinforce the whole preventive strategy (WHO, 2020). This article brings to you the most salient messages you should know to maintain yourself in good health.
Cardiovascular diseases (CVDs) comprise a myriad of diseases related to the heart and blood vessels. This article will focus on Ischemic heart disease (IHD), the most common type of cardiovascular disease.
Several lifestyle factors are involved in the development of cardiovascular diseases.
The usual signs and symptoms associated with cardiovascular diseases include:
Depending on your clinical picture, your healthcare professional will want to order certain tests to diagnose your problem.
The treatment of cardiovascular diseases varies according to the patient’s clinical picture, risk factors, family history, age, and many other factors.
The typical treatment regimen of coronary artery disease includes the following:
*Important notice: Please note that treatments can vary according to specific factors. This treatment regimen is only a brief overview and should not be applied without the opinion of a healthcare professional.
You can make simple lifestyle changes to lower your risk of developing cardiovascular diseases. Here are the recommended strategies:
Controlling your blood pressure is crucial to protect your heart. How does high blood pressure damage the heart? High blood pressure damages the endothelial lining of the blood vessels, thereby making them prone to fat deposits. High blood pressure also increases afterload. This means that the heart has to pump harder and faster to overcome high pressure. Beating harder and faster remodels the structure of the heart.
Excessive salt consumption can increase your blood pressure, which can, in turn, damage your heart.
Maintaining a healthy balance between omega 6 and omega 3 is crucial for your heart as well as your blood vessels. Good sources of fat include flax seeds, walnuts, and oily fish.
BMI stands for Body Mass Index. It is calculated as follows:
The ideal BMI recommended for an adult male is 18.5-24.9 Kg/m2
Emerging studies reported the possible benefits of oxytocin in the prevention of atheromatous deposits within arteries. The potential side effects of oxytocin still need to be clarified (Wang et al., 2019).
Contrary to what advertisements claim, e-cigarettes and vaping are not harmless. A recent study reported that the use of e-cigarettes and vaping could increase cardiovascular angiogenesis. Another study reported that e-cigarettes could induce inflammation, oxidative stress and thrombogenicity (MacDonald et al., 2019).
A recent study of 7212 participants confirmed that skipping breakfast increases the risk of developing atherosclerotic cardiovascular disease. The study also reported that having breakfast at least once per week can lower the risk of cardiovascular diseases (Lee et al., 2019).
Caution: Content on this site is for entertainment purposes and is not intended to substitute for advice given by a licensed health-care professional. You should not use this information as self-diagnosis or for treating a health problem. Contact your health-care provider immediately if you suspect that you have a medical problem.