Annually, 3 million deaths worldwide occur due to heavy alcohol use. Today, with modernization, this has become a serious challenge (WHO, 2020). Alcoholism gives rise to several adverse consequences such as health, social and economic burden.
Alcoholism is characterized by the physical and physiological dependence on alcohol with symptoms of withdrawal when consumption is cut off.
Alcohol withdrawal occurs two to four days after the last drink. Withdrawal presents as anxiety, tremors, seizures, hallucinations, and altered mental status.
Men are at higher risk of developing alcohol abuse. New research shows that it may be due to dopamine, the pleasure hormone. The study found that men had more significant dopamine release than women after alcohol consumption (Urban et al., 2010). What science knows is that stronger dopamine responses result in more stimulation of the brain’s reward centre which, consequently turns habit into addiction (Volkow et al., 2017).
Depending on your clinical picture, your healthcare professional will want to order certain tests:
Several medications are used to treat alcohol abuse. However, a successful alcohol detoxification process depends a lot on self-determination, family support, and surveillance.
Acamprosate is a medication used to prevent alcohol intake by regulating important brain chemicals known as neurotransmitters (Plosker, 2015).
Naltrexone works by reducing alcohol cravings.
Psychological support also plays a major role in the treatment of alcoholism. Psychological support can be delivered through the following:
Keeping a drinking record will help you remember how much you drank over a period of time. This will give you better control over your actions and will help you realize when you are about to cheat on your drinking diet. The bonus point is that you won’t have to bother about keeping it in memory.
Drinking on an empty stomach is the worst step you could ever take for your health.
20% of the alcohol you drink is absorbed by your stomach. 85 % is absorbed by your intestines. Food can lower the absorption rate of alcohol and thus, can lower the side effects associated with drinking (Cederbaum, 2012).
Try to replace your drinking habit by another habit like running, bodybuilding or swimming. You will slowly notice that your mind will be so preoccupied by your new favorite activity that it will have little to practically no time to think about drinking.
As disheartening as this may sound, you should avoid your drinking friends especially the one who introduced you to this slow-killer.
Find an alternative way to your workplace or any place you visit. You must avoid walking by the place where you have been buying alcoholic drinks.
Alcoholism is associated with numerous health problems:
Caution: Content on this site is for entertainment purposes and is not intended to substitute for advice given by a licensed health-care professional. You should not use this information as self-diagnosis or for treating a health problem. Contact your health-care provider immediately if you suspect that you have a medical problem.